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This paper proposes an automated procedure for segmenting an magnetic resonance (MR) image of a human brain based on fuzzy logic. An MR volumetric image composed of many slice images consists of several parts: gray matter, white matter, cerebrospinal fluid, and others. Generally, the histogram shapes of MR volumetric images are different from person to person. Fuzzy information granulation of the histograms can lead to a series of histogram peaks. The intensity thresholds for segmenting the whole brain of a subject are automatically determined by finding the peaks of the intensity histogram obtained from the MR images. After these thresholds are evaluated by a procedure called region growing, the whole brain can be identified. A segmentation experiment was done on 50 human brain MR volumes. A statistical analysis showed that the automated segmented volumes were similar to the volumes manually segmented by a physician. Next, we describe a procedure for decomposing the obtained whole brain into the left and right cerebral hemispheres, the cerebellum and the brain stem. Fuzzy if-then rules can represent information on the anatomical locations, segmentation boundaries as well as intensities. Evaluation of the inferred result using the region growing method can then lead to the decomposition of the whole brain. We applied this method to 44 MR volumes. The decomposed portions were statistically compared with those manually decomposed by a physician. Consequently, our method can identify the whole brain, the left cerebral hemisphere, the right cerebral hemisphere, the cerebellum and the brain stem with high accuracy and therefore can provide the three dimensional shapes of these regions.