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Composites of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powder dispersed in a vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene copolymer [P(VDF-TrFE)] matrix have been prepared by compression molding. Three groups of polarized samples have been prepared by poling: only the ceramic phase, the ceramic and polymer phases in parallel directions, and the two phases in antiparallel directions. The measured permittivities of the unpoled composites are consistent with the predictions of the Bruggeman model. The changes in the pyroelectric and piezoelectric coefficients of the poled composites with increasing ceramic volume fraction can be described by modified linear mixture rules. When the ceramic and copolymer phases are poled in the same direction, their pyroelectric activities reinforce while their piezoelectric activities partially cancel. However, when the ceramic and copolymer phases are poled in opposite directions, their piezoelectric activities reinforce while their pyroelectric activities partially cancel.