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Performance of an advanced video codec on a general-purpose processor with media ISA extensions

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1 Author(s)
Lappalainen, V. ; Nokia Res. Center, Tampere, Finland

This paper analyses the performance of the state-of-the-art media ISA (instruction set architecture) extensions in a general-purpose processor, when executing a video encoder based on an affine motion model. In addition to SIMD (single instruction multiple data) fixed-point instructions, these ISA extensions include SIMD floating-point instructions, special-purpose SIMD fixed-point instructions, and cacheability control instructions. In this study, eight time-consuming kernels of the video encoder were hand-optimized, using instructions in all four instruction categories of these media ISA extensions (the FLP version). These kernels were also hand-optimized using only SIMD fixed-point ISA extensions, without special-purpose instructions (the FXP version). For the FLP version, this study resulted in an average kernel-level speedup of 1.37X and an application-level speedup of 1.11X, compared to the FXP version, and an application-level speedup of 3.41X, compared to the C version

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Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 3 )