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A recursive algorithm called 3-OM is presented to estimate parameters and noise variances for discrete-time linear stochastic systems. The unprojected version of 3-OM is globally convergent with probability 1 to minima of the asymptotic negative log-likelihood function. 3-OM approximates the quick convergence attained by the optimal nonlinear filter used as a parameter estimator. The state-space form of 3-OM permits application to time-varying linear systems and to online tuning of a Kalman filter.