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A design framework for teleoperators with kinesthetic feedback

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1 Author(s)
Hannaford, B. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA

The application of a hybrid two-port model to teleoperators with force and velocity sensing at the master and slave is presented. The interfaces between human operator and master, and between environment and slave, are ports through which the teleoperator is designed to exchange energy between the operator and the environment. By computing or measuring the input-output properties of this two-port network, the hybrid two-port model of an actual or simulated teleoperator system can be obtained. It is shown that the hybrid model (as opposed to other two-port forms) leads to an intuitive representation of ideal teleoperator performance and applies to several teleoperator architectures. Thus measured values of the h matrix or values computed from a simulation can be used to compare performance with the ideal. The frequency-dependent h matrix is computed from a detailed SPICE model of an actual system, and the method is applied to a proposed architecture

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )