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The 2-way thrashing-avoidance cache (TAC): an efficient instruction cache scheme for object-oriented languages

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2 Author(s)
Yul Chu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Ito, M.R.

This paper presents a new instruction cache scheme: the TAC (Thrashing-Avoidance Cache). A 2-way TAC scheme employs 2-way banks and XOR mapping functions. The main function of the TAC is to place a group of instructions separated by a call instruction into a bank according to the Bank Selection Logic (BSL) and Bank-originated Pseudo-LRU replacement policies (BoPLRU). After the BSL initially selects a bank on an instruction cache miss, the BoPLRU will determine the final bank for updating a cache line as a correction mechanism. These two mechanisms can guarantee that recent groups of instructions exist in each bank safely. We have developed a simulation program, TACSim, by using Shade and Spixtools, provided by SUN Microsystems, on an ultra SPARC/10 processor. Our experimental results show that 2-way TAC schemes reduce conflict misses more effectively than 2-way skewed-associative caches in both C (17% improvement) and C++ (30% improvement) programs on L1 caches

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Computer Design, 2000. Proceedings. 2000 International Conference on

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