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Mobile robot relocation from echolocation constraints

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2 Author(s)
Jong Hwan Lim ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Cheju Nat. Univ., South Korea ; Leonard, J.J.

This paper presents a method for relocation of a mobile robot using sonar data. The process of determining the pose of a mobile robot with respect to a global reference frame in situations where no a priori estimate of the robot's location is available is cast as a problem of searching for correspondences between measurements and an a priori map of the environment. A physically-based sonar sensor model is used to characterize the geometric constraints provided by echolocation measurements of different types of objects. Individual range returns are used as data features in a constraint-based search to determine the robot's position. A hypothesize and test technique is employed in which positions of the robot are calculated from all possible combinations of two range returns that satisfy the measurement model. The algorithm determines the positions which provide the best match between the range returns and the environment model. The performance of the approach is demonstrated using data from both a single scanning Polaroid sonar and from a ring of Polaroid sonar sensors

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 9 )