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A simulation comparison of multiuser receivers for cellular CDMA

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3 Author(s)
R. M. Buehrer ; Wireless Technol. Lab., Lucent Technol. Bell Labs., Whippany, NJ, USA ; N. S. Correal-Mendoza ; B. D. Woerner

Multiuser detection has gained significant notoriety as a potential advanced enabling technology for the next generation of CDMA systems. Due to the limitations of the conventional correlation receiver, the capacity of a single cell using CDMA is limited by self-interference and is subject to the near-far problem. To overcome these drawbacks, several advanced receiver structures have been proposed. Unlike the conventional receiver which treats multiple access interference (MAI) as if it were AWGN, multiuser receivers treat MAI as additional information to aid in detection. Although each of the multiuser types have been the subject of much literature, there is little published work comparing all structures on the basis of common assumptions. We present a comparison of five of the most discussed receiver structures: the decorrelator, the minimum mean square error (MMSE) receiver, the multistage parallel interference cancellation receiver, the successive interference cancellation receiver, and the decorrelating decision feedback receiver. Comparisons are based on both theoretical analysis and simulation results, examining bit error rate (BER) performance in AWGN, Rayleigh fading, and near/far channels. Additionally, receiver structures are compared on the basis of computational complexity as well as robustness to code phase misalignment. Finally, we present simulation results for noncoherent architectures of the aforementioned receivers

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 4 )