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Extending scattering-parameter approach to characterization of linear time-varying microwave devices

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2 Author(s)
Green, K. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Rochester Univ., NY, USA ; Sobolewski, R.

In this paper, we apply the theory of linear time-varying differential systems of equations to defining an extension of the standard scattering parameters. This extended parameter S˜ (ω, t) is a function of both time and frequency. With this definition, we can accurately characterize rapidly time and frequency-varying linear lumped causal microwave devices, in particular, photoconductive microwave switches. We discuss the similarities between S˜ (ω,t) and the standard S-parameter approach and describe a measurement technique. We also derive some important properties of the S˜ (ω,t)-parameters and describe conditions under which microwave devices such as photoconductive switches can be analyzed by this technique. To demonstrate the usefulness of S˜ (ω, t), we derive the complete transfer function of the time varying lumped-element model of a photoconductive switch. We also show the limitations of conventional time-invariant assumptions (based on windowing or apodization) to accurately model linear time-varying devices

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 10 )