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Scatter and cross-talk corrections in simultaneous Tc-99m/I-123 brain SPECT using constrained factor analysis and artificial neural networks

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7 Author(s)
El Fakhri, G. ; Dept. of Radiol., Brigham & Women''s Hosp., Boston, MA, USA ; Maksud, P. ; Kijewski, M.F. ; Haberi, M.O.
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Simultaneous imaging of Tc-99m and I-123 would have a high clinical potential in the assessment of brain perfusion (Tc-99m) and neurotransmission (I-123) but is hindered by cross-talk between the two radionuclides. Monte Carlo simulations of 15 different dual-isotope studies were performed using a digital brain phantom. Several physiologic Tc-99m and I-123 uptake patterns were modeled in the brain structures. Two methods were considered to correct for cross-talk from both scattered and unscattered photons: constrained spectral factor analysis (SFA) and artificial neural networks (ANN). The accuracy and precision of reconstructed pixel values within several brain structures were compared to those obtained with an energy windowing method (WSA). In I-123 images, mean bias was close to 10% in all structures for SFA and ANN and between 14% (in the caudate nucleus) and 25% (in the cerebellum) for WSA. Tc-99m activity was overestimated by 35% in the cortex and 53% in the caudate nucleus with WSA, but by less than 9% in all structures with SFA and ANN. SFA and ANN performed well even in the presence of high-energy I-123 photons. The accuracy was greatly improved by incorporating the contamination into the SFA model or in the learning phase for ANN. SFA and ANN are promising approaches to correct for cross-talk in simultaneous Tc-99m/I-123 SPECT

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 2000

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