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Accurate image reconstruction using DOI information and its implications for the development of compact PET systems

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3 Author(s)
Chien-Min Kao ; Dept. of Radiol., Chicago Univ., IL, USA ; Xiaochuan Pan ; Chin-Tu Chen

The authors study the use of a computationally efficient sinogram restoration (SR) approach for reconstruction of 2D PET data acquired by systems with depth-of-interaction capability. When the effects of scatter and randoms are ignored, the authors' preliminary results show that the proposed approach can yield images of excellent resolution uniformity for a hypothetical compact system with a field-of-view (FOV) as large as 98% of the detector-ring size. In comparison with images generated by the conventional rebinning approach, the resolution uniformity across the FOV in the image produced by incorporating SR is improved by a factor of about 10, and the spatial resolution at the edge of the FOV is improved by a factor of about 2.2. Moreover, the SR approach produces better intensity recovery and source positioning. Integration of the use of DOI detectors and SR reconstruction may thus provide a new way for developing compact PET systems. For a given FOV, such a compact system can produce images of quality better than those obtained by a conventional system that employs a detector ring approximately 50% larger than the compact system. The much reduced detector-ring size of the compact system can greatly reduce production cost, improve image resolution and resolution uniformity, and increase system sensitivity

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 4 )