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Nonlinear transient chirp signal modeling of the aortic and pulmonary components of the second heart sound

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3 Author(s)
Jingping Xu ; Lab. de Genie Biomed., Inst. de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Que., Canada ; Durand, L.-G. ; Pibarot, P.

Describes a new approach based on the time-frequency representation of transient nonlinear chirp signals for modeling the aortic (A2) and the pulmonary (P2) components of the second heart sound (S2). It is demonstrated that each component is a narrow-band signal with decreasing instantaneous frequency defined by its instantaneous amplitude and its instantaneous phase. Each component Is also a polynomial phase signal, the instantaneous phase of which can be accurately represented by a polynomial having an order of thirty. A dechirping approach is used to obtain the instantaneous amplitude of each component while reducing the effect of the background noise. The analysis-synthesis procedure is applied to 32 isolated A2 and 32 isolated P2 components recorded in four pigs with pulmonary hypertension. The mean ± standard deviation of the normalized root-mean-squared error (NRMSE) and the correlation coefficient (ρ) between the original and the synthesized signal components were: NRMSE=2.1±0.3% and ρ=0.97±0.02 for A2 and NRMSE=2.52±0.5% and ρ=0.96±0.02 for P2. These results confirm that each component can be modeled as mono-component nonlinear chirp signals of short duration with energy distributions concentrated along its decreasing instantaneous frequency.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 10 )