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A new method for protection zone selection in microprocessor-based bus relays

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3 Author(s)
Bai-Lin Qin ; Schweitzer Eng. Lab. Inc., Pullman, WA, USA ; Guzman-Casillas, A. ; Schweitzer, E.O.

Use of graph theory simplifies representation of complex bus arrangements in power system stations. This paper presents a new method, based upon graph theory, for selecting bus protection zones in microprocessor-based relays. We use a typical bus arrangement to illustrate the graphical representation of station arrangements, graph operations, and associated matrix operations. We also describe an implementation of the zone selection method and use two examples to demonstrate the advantages of the method. Using the status of switching devices in the station, the zone selection method provides the relay with real-time bus arrangement information. The bus relay uses this information to assign input currents to a differential protection zone and to select which breakers to trip for a bus fault or breaker failure

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 3 )