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Realization of robot motion based on a learning method

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3 Author(s)
Kawamura, S. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Ritsumeikan Univ., Kyoto, Japan ; Miyazaki, F. ; Arimoto, S.

To make a robot track a given desired motion trajectory, a learning control scheme is proposed which is based on the repeatability of robot motion. In this scheme the robot obtains a desired motion by repeating trials (test motion). A merit of this control scheme is that the input torque pattern that generates the desired motion can be formed without estimating the physical parameters of robot dynamics. In practice, to allow the robot motion to approach the desired one in each trial, the input torque given to the robot at the present trial is modified only by the velocity signal of the real robot motion at the previous trial and the desired one. The convergence to the desired motion is theoretically proved for a linear time-varying mechanical system, which is an approximate representation of nonlinear robot dynamics in the vicinity of the desired motion. The effectiveness of this control scheme is demonstrated through actual experiments in which a revolute-type manipulator with three degrees of freedom is used, and the desired motion trajectory is given not only in terms of joint-angle coordinates but also in terms of task-oriented coordinates

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 1 )