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Nonlinear dynamic characteristics analysis of synchronous 12-lead ECG signals

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4 Author(s)
Zhenzhou Wang ; Dept. of Electron. Sci. & Eng., Nanjing Univ., China ; Xinbao Ning ; Yu Zhang ; Du, Gonghuan

The authors computed the correlation dimensions of the synchronous 12-lead ECG of 30 healthy persons and 30 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. They found that the D 2 of the same person is different for different lead ECG signals. Therefore, it is not appropriate to describe the human heart, a nonlinear dynamic system with complex structures, by only a single fractal dimension. Synchronous 12-lead analysis of correlation dimension can present a more detailed description of the heart's dynamic characteristics than can a simple one-lead analysis. It is important to specify the particular lead position when one refers to the D 2's of the ECG signal. The authors also find that the differences among D 2's of 12-lead ECG signals are relatively small for healthy people, compared with the same lead for CHD patients. For CHD patients, the situation is complicated. The differences among D 2's for 12-lead ECG signals of some patients are large. Correlation dimensions of chest-lead ECG signals are obviously smaller than those of limb-lead ECG signals. This suggests that the complexity of the ECG attractor is reduced with cardiac muscle ischemia, It may be that D 2's of synchronous 12-lead ECG signals may be able to provide valuable diagnostic information about the location of ischemia or infarction. The authors' research shows that the correlation dimension is a valuable parameter in analyzing nonlinear dynamic characteristics of the ECG signal and may provide new insights and methods in diagnosis of cardiac disease.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )