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Automatic detection of ST-T complex changes on the ECG using filtered RMS difference series: application to ambulatory ischemia monitoring

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4 Author(s)
Garcia, J. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng. & Commun., Zaragoza Univ., Spain ; Sornmo, L. ; Olmos, S. ; Laguna, P.

A new detector is presented which finds changes in the repolarization phase (ST-T complex) of the cardiac cycle. It operates by applying a detection algorithm to the filtered root mean square (rms) series of differences between the beat segment (ST segment or ST-T complex) and an average pattern segment. The detector has been validated using the European ST-T database, which contains ST-T complex episodes manually annotated by cardiologists, resulting in sensitivity/positive predictivity of 85/86%, and 85/76%, for ST segment deviations and ST-T complex changes, respectively. The proposed detector has a performance similar to those which have a more complicated structure. The detector has the advantage of finding both ST segment deviations and entire ST-T complex changes thereby providing a wider characterization of the potential ischemic events. A post-processing stage, based on a cross-correlation analysis for the episodes in the rms series, is presented. With this stage subclinical events with repetitive pattern were found in around 20% of the recordings and improved the performance to 90/85%, and 89/76%, for ST segment and ST-T complex changes, respectively.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 9 )