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Generalized rate-distortion optimization for motion-compensated video coders

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2 Author(s)
Yan Yang ; Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA ; Hemami, S.S.

This paper addresses jointly rate-distortion optimal selection of coding parameters in a general motion-compensated video coder. The general coder uses variable-block-size motion estimation and multimode residual coding. This is essentially the optimal bit-allocation problem for an individual frame at a given rate constraint. This paper not only gives the general formulation and solution using the Lagrange multiplier method and dynamic programming, but also demonstrates how the general theory can he adapted and applied to both an MPEG-like coder and a motion-compensated wavelet coder. Simulations demonstrate that both proposed coders outperform MPEG (TM5) by 0.7-1.3 dB at a variety of bit rates, with the gain provided by both better motion estimation and the joint-parameter optimization. The technique is applicable to MPEG-compliant coders with fixed block-size motion estimation and provides a gain of 0.5-0.7 dB over TM5. The optimization approach can also be applied to distortion-constrained coding, and therefore allows a fine tuning of either the rate or distortion to follow any desired profile

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 6 )