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Sliding mode control of wind energy systems with DOIG-power efficiency and torsional dynamics optimization

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4 Author(s)
De Battista, H. ; Sch. of Eng., Nat. Univ. of La Plata, Argentina ; Puleston, P.F. ; Mantz, R.J. ; Christiansen, C.F.

Wind turbines with double output induction generators can operate at variable speed permitting conversion efficiency maximization over a wide range of wind velocities. However, random wind fluctuations, wind shear and tower shadow, may excite the oscillation mode of the mechanical system, producing large torque ripple. Consequently, damage to drive train components and power quality problems may occur. In this paper, a sliding mode control is developed which provides a suitable compromise between conversion efficiency and torque oscillation smoothing. The resultant sliding dynamics is completely robust to uncertainties in the electrical variables and parameters. In addition, to prevent windup problems due to saturation, a combined sliding surface that incorporates such limitations is proposed

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Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )