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Histogramic in-motion mapping for mobile robot obstacle avoidance

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2 Author(s)
J. Borenstein ; Adv. Technol. Lab., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Y. Koren

Histogramic in-motion mapping (HIMM) is introduced as a new method for real-time map building with a mobile robot motion. HIMM represents data in a two-dimensional array, called a histogram grid, that is updated through rapid in-motion sampling of on-board range sensors. Rapid in-motion sampling results in a map representation that is well-suited to modeling inaccurate and noisy range-sensor data, such as those produced by ultrasonic sensors, and requires minimal computational overhead. Fast map building allows the robot to use immediately the mapped information in real-time obstacle-avoidance algorithms. The benefits of this integrated approach are quick, accurate mapping and safe navigation of the robot toward a given target. HIMM has been implemented and tested on a mobile robot. Its dual functionality was demonstrated through numerous tests in which maps of unknown obstacle courses were created, while the robot simultaneously performed real-time obstacle avoidance maneuvers at speeds of up to 0.78 m/s

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )