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A simple refinement of slow-start of TCP congestion control

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4 Author(s)
Haining Wang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Hongjie Xin ; Reeves, D.S. ; Shin, K.G.

This paper presents a new variant of slow-start, called smooth-start, which provides a smooth transition between the exponential and linear growth phases of the TCP congestion window. Slow-start is known to make an abrupt transition between the slow-start and congestion-avoidance phases, and hence, often causes multiple packet losses from a window of data and retransmission timeouts, which, in turn reduce the effective throughput and result in global synchronization. Smooth-start solves this problem by approaching the slow-start threshold more gradually. Our extensive simulation results show that smooth-start can significantly reduce both packet losses and traffic burstiness, thus improving the performance of TCP congestion control at the start of a TCP connection or after a retransmission timeout. Furthermore, smooth-start is very simple to implement and requires TCP modifications at the sender side only

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Computers and Communications, 2000. Proceedings. ISCC 2000. Fifth IEEE Symposium on

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