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An ultralow-power 900-MHz receiver implemented on a single CMOS chip is intended for use in FLEX wireless paging. The receiver uses an indirect conversion to zero intermediate frequency (IF) to suppress the flicker noise corner in the second mixer to less than 1 kHz. Various techniques for low-power design, most of them unique to CMOS, are presented, with theoretical support and experimental verifications. The receiver, fabricated in a 0.25-/spl mu/m standard CMOS process, achieves 7.4-dS noise figure at 1.6 kHz with -25-dBm IIP3 on a 1.5 V supply. The voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) has a phase noise of -98 dBc/Hz at 25 kHz offset. The nominal receiver bias current of 3 mA is higher than the expected 2 mA because of unanticipated losses in coupling capacitors.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2000