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Wavelet thresholding via MDL for natural images

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2 Author(s)
Hansen, M. ; Lucent Technol Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Bin Yu

We study the application of Rissanen's (1989) principle of minimum description length (MDL) to the problem of wavelet denoising and compression for natural images. After making a connection between thresholding and model selection, we derive an MDL criterion based on a Laplacian model for noiseless wavelet coefficients. We find that this approach leads to an adaptive thresholding rule. While achieving mean-squared-error performance comparable with other popular thresholding schemes, the MDL procedure tends to keep far fewer coefficients. From this property, we demonstrate that our method is an excellent tool for simultaneous denoising and compression. We make this claim precise by analyzing MDL thresholding in two optimality frameworks; one in which we measure rate and distortion based on quantized coefficients and one in which we do not quantize, but instead record rate simply as the number of nonzero coefficients

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 5 )