By Topic

A composite optical waveguide-based polarimetric interferometer for chemical and biological sensing applications

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Zhi-Mei Qi ; Inst. of Environ. Sci. & Technol., Yokohama Nat. Univ., Japan ; K. Itoh ; M. Murabayashi ; H. Yanagi

A new polarimetric interferometer has been developed on the basis of the phase difference between transverse electric (TE)/sub 0/ and transverse magnetic (TM)/sub 0/ modes in a composite optical waveguide (OWG). The composite OWG consists of a single-mode potassium ion-exchanged planar waveguide overlaid with a high-index thin film that has two tapered ends and supports only the TE/sub 0/ mode. Applying tapered velocity coupling theory, we found that the TE/sub 0/ and TM/sub 0/ modes coexisting in the potassium ion-exchanged layer were separated in the thin film region of the composite OWG: the TE/sub 0/ mode was coupled into the thin film while the TM/sub 0/ mode was confined in the potassium ion-exchanged layer. Interference occurs between TE- and TM-polarized output components when a single output beam is passed through a 45/spl deg/-polarized analyzer. The phase difference /spl phi/ between both orthogonal output components is very sensitive to the superstrate index n/sub c/ in the thin film region. Our experimental results indicate that a slight change of /spl Delta/n/sub c/=3.71/spl times/10/sup -6/ results in the phase-difference variation of /spl Delta//spl phi/=1/spl deg/ for a 5-mm-long TiO/sub 2//K/sup +/ composite OWG with a 34-nm-thick TiO/sub 2/ film. Such a simple polarimetric interferometer can be applied to chemical or biological sensors by modifying the upper film surface of the composite OWG with a chemically or biologically active substance.

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 8 )