By Topic

TAO-BIST: A framework for testability analysis and optimization for built-in self-test of RTL circuits

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Ravi, S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Princeton Univ., NJ, USA ; Lakshminarayana, G. ; Jha, N.K.

In this paper, we present TAO-BIST, a framework for testing register-transfer level (RTL) controller-datapath circuits using built-in self-test (BIST). Conventional BIST techniques at the RTL generally introduce more testability hardware than is necessary thereby causing unnecessary area, delay and power overheads. They have typically been applied to only application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs). TAO-BIST adopts a three-phased approach to provide an efficient BIST framework at the RTL. In the first phase, we identify and add an initial set of test enhancements to the given circuit. In the second phase, we use regular-expression based high-level symbolic testability analysis of a BIST model of the circuit to completely encapsulate justification/propagation information for the modules under test. The regular expressions so obtained are then used to construct a Boolean function in the final phase for determining a test enhancement solution that meets delay constraints with minimal area overheads. Our method is applicable to a wide spectrum of circuits including ASICs, application-specific programmable processors (ASPPs), application-specific instruction processors (ASIPs), digital signal processors (DSPs), and microprocessors. Experimental results on a number of benchmark circuits show that high fault coverage (>99%) can be obtained with our scheme. The average area and delay overheads due to TAO-BIST are only 6.0% and 1.5%, respectively, for a bit-width of 16. These overheads decrease further with an increase in bit-width. The test application time to achieve the high fault coverage for the whole controller-datapath circuit is also quite low

Published in:

Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 8 )