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Improved radioxenon detection techniques for use with fluid-based concentration

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4 Author(s)
Russ, W.R. ; Nucl. & Radiol. Eng. Program, Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Stuenkel, D.O. ; Valentine, J.D. ; Gross, K.C.

A portable system that monitors the quantity of radioxenon (131mXe, 133Xe, 133mXe, and 135 Xe) in the atmosphere is being developed. The integrated monitoring system consists of a fluid-based concentration sub-system and a detection sub-system. This study evaluates the performance of different high-efficiency geometries that use NaI(Tl) photon detectors along with with either gas proportional, plastic scintillator, or PIPS detectors to distinguish radioxenon signature emissions and discriminate against radon background. In addition, a NaI(Tl)/CsI(Tl) phoswich detector was investigated as an alternative photon detector. Finally, a dual parameter data acquisition system was demonstrated. Minimum detectable activity (MDA) for a six hour count time of 133Xe was used as the primary measure of performance. The lowest MDAs were 52±7 mBq for the gas proportional/NaI(Tl) configuration, 48±7 mBq for the plastic scintillator/NaI(Tl) configuration and 73±8 mBq for the PIPS/NaI(Tl) configuration. Based on these results, the performance of a proposed final detection system is predicted to result in a MDA of 12.2 mBq without shielding. This detection system performance compares well to existing radioxenon detection systems and indicates the requirements of the concentration system

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 3 )