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Surface reflection: physical and geometrical perspectives

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3 Author(s)
Nayar, S.K. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA ; Ikeuchi, K. ; Kanade, T.

Reflectance models based on physical optics and geometrical optics are studied. Specifically, the authors consider the Beckmann-Spizzichino (physical optics) model and the Torrance-Sparrow (geometrical optics) model. These two models were chosen because they have been reported to fit experimental data well. Each model is described in detail, and the conditions that determine the validity of the model are clearly stated. By studying reflectance curves predicted by the two models, the authors propose a reflectance framework comprising three components: the diffuse lobe, the specular lobe, and the specular spike. The effects of surface roughness on the three primary components are analyzed in detail

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 7 )