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The LOCO-I lossless image compression algorithm: principles and standardization into JPEG-LS

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3 Author(s)
Weinberger, M.J. ; Hewlett-Packard Co., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Seroussi, G. ; Sapiro, G.

LOCO-I (LOw COmplexity LOssless COmpression for Images) is the algorithm at the core of the new ISO/ITU standard for lossless and near-lossless compression of continuous-tone images, JPEG-LS. It is conceived as a “low complexity projection” of the universal context modeling paradigm, matching its modeling unit to a simple coding unit. By combining simplicity with the compression potential of context models, the algorithm “enjoys the best of both worlds.” It is based on a simple fixed context model, which approaches the capability of the more complex universal techniques for capturing high-order dependencies. The model is tuned for efficient performance in conjunction with an extended family of Golomb (1966) type codes, which are adaptively chosen, and an embedded alphabet extension for coding of low-entropy image regions. LOCO-I attains compression ratios similar or superior to those obtained with state-of-the-art schemes based on arithmetic coding. Moreover, it is within a few percentage points of the best available compression ratios, at a much lower complexity level. We discuss the principles underlying the design of LOCO-I, and its standardization into JPEC-LS

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 8 )