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The problem of source localization in shallow water in the presence of sensor location uncertainty is considered. The Cramer-Rao Bound is used to carry out a feasibility study for the joint source and sensor location problem when the multipath propagation channel is modeled as a known, deterministic waveguide. Unlike the free-space propagation channel, the boundedness of the shallow-water waveguide along its vertical axis provides the key to joint determination of the source and sensor location parameters. It is seen that, when a set of intuitive identifiability conditions are satisfied, numerical examples indicate that, for the scenarios considered, the resulting loss in accuracy with which the source location can be estimated due to sensor location uncertainty may be tolerable.
Date of Publication: July 2000