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GaAs nonlinear transmission lines for picosecond pulse generation and millimeter-wave sampling

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6 Author(s)
Rodwell, Mark J.W. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA ; Kamegawa, Masayuki ; Yu, Ruai ; Case, Michael
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The GaAs nonlinear transmission line (NLTL) is a monolithic millimeter-wave integrated circuit consisting of a high-impedance transmission line loaded by reverse-biased Schottky contacts. The engineering of functional monolithic NLTLs is considered. Through generation of shock waves on the NLTL, the authors have generated electrical step functions with approximately 5 V magnitude and less than 1.4 ps fall time. Diode sampling bridges strobed by NLTL shock-wave generators have attained bandwidths approaching 300 GHz and have applications in instruments for millimeter-wave waveform and network measurements. The authors discuss the circuit design and diode design requirements for picosecond NLTL shock-wave generators and NLTL-driven sampling circuits.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 7 )