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Low-loss optical branching waveguides consisting of anisotropic materials

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3 Author(s)
Sawa, S. ; Dept. of Electron., Ehime Univ., Matsuyama, Japan ; Geshiro, M. ; Takeda, F.

Low-loss branching waveguides of the mode-conversion type consisting of anisotropic materials are proposed, and their basic wave-guiding characteristics are studied by means of coupled-mode theory. Two mode-conversion sections are introduced on both input and output sides of a conventional symmetric branching waveguide. Each arm of the branching waveguides is assumed to be a single-mode slab waveguide except for the tapered section. A coupled-mode system of equations describing mode-conversion phenomena with respect to the transverse magnetic (TM) mode in the branching waveguides is derived from the field expansion in terms of local normal modes. A Runge-Kutta-Gill method is used to numerically solve the coupled-mode equations. It is found that the proposed branching waveguides suffer mode-conversion losses to a much lesser extent than conventional branching waveguides

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 7 )