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Digital surface models and building extraction: a comparison of IFSAR and LIDAR data

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2 Author(s)
Gamba, P. ; Dipartimento di Elettronica, Pavia Univ., Italy ; Houshmand, B.

The task of extracting significant built structure in digital surface models (DSM) is analyzed. The original data are obtained by means of interferometric SAR or LIDAR techniques and have different resolution and noise characteristics. This work aims to make a comparison of what (and how precisely) it is possible to detect and extract starting from these models, taking into account their differences but applying to them the same planar approximation approach. To this aim, data over Los Angeles and Denver is considered and evaluated. The results show that LIDAR data provide a better shape characterization of each building, and not simply because of their higher resolution. Indeed, less accurate results obtained starting from radar data are mainly due to shadowing/layover effects, which can be only partially corrected by means of the segmentation procedures. However, better results than those already presented in the literature could be achieved by using the IFSAR data correlation map

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 4 )