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Knowledge discovery from data?

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1 Author(s)
Pazzani, Michael J. ; California Univ., Irvine, CA, USA

The knowledge discovery and data mining (KDD) field draws on findings from statistics, databases, and artificial intelligence to construct tools that let users gain insight from massive data sets. People in business, science, medicine, academia, and government collect such data sets, and several commercial packages now offer general-purpose KDD tools. An important KDD goal is to “turn data into knowledge”. For example, knowledge acquired through such methods on a medical database could be published in a medical journal. Knowledge acquired from analyzing a financial or marketing database could revise business practice and influence a management school's curriculum. In addition, some US laws require reasons for rejecting a loan application, which knowledge from the KDD could provide. Occasionally, however, you must explain the learned decision criteria to a court, as in the recent lawsuit Blue Mountain filed against Microsoft for a mail filter that classified electronic greeting cards as spam mail. We expect more from knowledge discovery tools than simply creating accurate models as in machine learning, statistics, and pattern recognition. We can fully realize the benefits of data mining by paying attention to the cognitive factors that make the resulting models coherent, credible, easy to use, and easy to communicate to others

Published in:

Intelligent Systems and their Applications, IEEE  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )