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Turbo codes for image transmission-a joint channel and source decoding approach

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3 Author(s)
Peng, Z. ; Notre Dame Univ., IN, USA ; Yih-Fang Huang ; Costello, D.J.

This paper studies an application of turbo codes to compressed image/video transmission and presents an approach to improving error control performance through joint channel and source decoding (JCSD). The proposed approach to JCSD includes error-free source information feedback, error-detected source information feedback, and the use of channel soft values (CSV) for source signal postprocessing. These feedback schemes are based on a modification of the extrinsic information passed between the constituent maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) decoders in a turbo decoder. The modification is made according to the source information obtained from the source signal processor. The CSVs are considered as reliability information on the hard decisions and are further used for error recovery in the reconstructed signals. Applications of this joint decoding technique to different visual source coding schemes, such as spatial vector quantization, JPEG coding, and MPEG coding, are examined. Experimental results show that up to 0.6 dB of channel SNR reduction can be achieved by the joint decoder without increasing computational cost for various channel coding rates.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 6 )