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Scaling and power reduction trends in future technologies will cause subthreshold leakage currents to become an increasingly large component of total power dissipation. This paper presents several dual-threshold voltage techniques for reducing standby power dissipation while still maintaining high performance in static and dynamic combinational logic blocks. MTCMOS sleep transistor sizing issues are addressed, and a hierarchical sizing methodology based on mutual exclusive discharge patterns is presented. A dual-V/sub t/ domino logic style that provides the performance equivalent of a purely low-V/sub t/ design with the standby leakage characteristic of a purely high-V/sub t/ implementation is also proposed.
Date of Publication: July 2000