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Efficient robust adaptive beamforming for cyclostationary signals

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3 Author(s)
Ju-Hong Lee ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Yung-Ting Lee ; Wen-Hao Shih

This paper deals with the problem of robust adaptive array beamforming for cyclostationary signals. By exploiting the signal cyclostationarity, the LS-SCORE algorithm presented in a paper by Agee et al. (1990) has been shown to be effective in performing adaptive beamforming without requiring the direction vector of the desired signal. However, this algorithm suffers from severe performance degradation even if there is a small mismatch in the cycle frequency of the desired signal. In this paper, we first evaluate the performance of the LS-SCORE algorithm in the presence of cycle frequency error (CFE). An analytical formula is derived to show the behavior of the performance degradation due to CFE. An efficient method is then developed based on the fact that the array output power approaches its maximum as the CFE is reduced. We formulate the problem as an optimization problem for reducing the CFE iteratively to achieve robust adaptive beamforming against the CFE. Simulation examples for confirming the theoretical analysis and showing the effectiveness of the proposed method are provided

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 7 )