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Removal of DC offset in current and voltage signals using a novel Fourier filter algorithm

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2 Author(s)
Jyh-Cherng Gu ; Nat. Taiwan Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Taipei, Taiwan ; Sun-Li Yu

Protecting transmission lines frequently involves adopting distance relays. Protective relays must filter their inputs to reject unwanted quantities and retain signal quantities of interest. Accuracy and convergent speed of the filter algorithm are essential for protective relays. A widely applied filter algorithm, the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) can easily erase harmonics using simple calculation. However, the voltage and current signals contain large harmonics and DC offset during the fault interval. The DC offset heavily influences the precision and convergence speed of the fundamental frequency signal from DFT. In this investigation, the authors present a novel Fourier algorithm to remove the DC offset in a voltage or current signal. Applying a full-cycle DFT (FCDFT) requires one cycle plus two samples to calculate and compensate for the DC offset. Half-cycle DFT (HCDFT) only requires half of a cycle plus two or three samples to accomplish the algorithm when the input signal has no even order harmonics. Adopting the proposed algorithm in distance relays effectively suppresses the DC offset and quickly decomposes the accurate fundamental frequency components

Published in:

Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 2000

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