By Topic

Integrated temperature microsensors for characterization and optimization of thermosonic ball bonding process

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
M. Mayer ; Phys. Electron. Labs., Zurich, Switzerland ; O. Paul ; D. Bolliger ; H. Baltes

A novel ball bond process optimization method based on the thermal response of an integrated aluminum microsensor is reported. The in situ temperature during ball bonding is measured and analyzed. The ultrasonic period shows distinct stages corresponding to scrubbing of the ball on the pad, intermetallic bond growth, and ball deformation by ultrasonic softening. A peak of the signal indicates the end of interconnection growth. This can be used for bond time optimization. When optimizing bonding force, the sensor signal correlates with ball shear strength. Using this method, bonding force process windows can be determined by on-line measurements. A test measurement shows that at a chip temperature of 34°C, the bonding force optimized by the microsensor method is 260 mN whereas it is 252 mN when using conventional shear testing for optimization. In summary, the method produces a wealth of new insights in transient thermal phenomena of the ball bonding process and promises to simplify the evaluation of process windows

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 2 )