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Exact distribution of edge-preserving MAP estimators for linear signal models with Gaussian measurement noise

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3 Author(s)
J. A. Fessler ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; H. Erdogan ; Wei Biao Wu

We derive the exact statistical distribution of maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimators having edge-preserving nonGaussian priors. Such estimators have been widely advocated for image restoration and reconstruction problems. Previous investigations of these image recovery methods have been primarily empirical; the distribution we derive enables theoretical analysis. The signal model is linear with Gaussian measurement noise. We assume that the energy function of the prior distribution is chosen to ensure a unimodal posterior distribution (for which convexity of the energy function is sufficient), and that the energy function satisfies a uniform Lipschitz regularity condition. The regularity conditions are sufficiently general to encompass popular priors such as the generalized Gaussian Markov random field prior and the Huber prior, even though those priors are not everywhere twice continuously differentiable

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 6 )