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Mid-infrared tunable quantum cascade lasers for gas-sensing applications

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8 Author(s)
Gmachl, Claire ; Bell Labs., Lucent Technol., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Capasso, F. ; Kohler, R. ; Tredicucci, A.
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The quantum cascade (QC) laser does not involve the material bandgap for the generation of light. Therefore, InP- and GaAs-based III-V semiconductor materials can now be used for the generation of long-wavelength, mid-infrared light. These materials are also straightforward to process and pattern. This is essential for the more sophisticated device geometries such as distributed feedback (DFB) lasers. DFB lasers provide a very elegant and reliable method to achieve a well-defined single-wavelength emission (called single-mode operation) as opposed to the usually multiple-mode emission of free-running Fabry-Perot resonators. QC-DFB lasers were first demonstrated in 1996. They have evolved very rapidly and have already shown great promise in many different gas-sensing applications

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Circuits and Devices Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 3 )