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Real-time VLBI system using ATM network

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8 Author(s)
Kiuchi, H. ; Commun. Res. Lab., Minist. of Posts & Telecommun., Tokyo, Japan ; Imae, M. ; Kondo, T. ; Sekido, M.
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The Communications Research Laboratory (CRL), Tokyo, Japan, and the Telecommunication Network Laboratory Group, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp., Tokyo, Japan, have developed a highly precise, very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) system using a high speed asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) network. The observed data is transmitted through a 2.488-Gbps ATM network [STM-16/OC-48] instead of being recorded onto magnetic tape. The system was specially designed for the Key Stone Project (KSP), a project begun in 1994 to measure crustal deformation in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Cross-correlation processing and data observations are carried out simultaneously by one operator. It takes about one hour to analyze the data after the observations and correlations are completed. In regular geodetic VLBI experiments run every other day for 24 h, a horizontal position uncertainty of about 2 mm and a vertical position uncertainty of about 10 mm were achieved. The system was designed to enable automated operation throughout the entire process. The results obtained are available to the public via the Internet at This system is a significant advance in VLBI and should provide more precise information about crustal deformation in the Tokyo metropolitan area

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 3 )