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A fast pulsed power source applied to treatment of conducting liquids and air

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7 Author(s)
E. J. M. van Heesch ; High-Voltage & EMC Group, Eindoven Univ. of Technol., Netherlands ; A. J. M. Pemen ; P. A. H. J. Huijbrechts ; P. C. T. van der Laan
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Two pilot pulsed power sources were developed for fundamental investigations and industrial demonstrations of treatment of conducting liquids. The developed heavy-duty power sources have an output voltage of 100 kV (rise time 10 ns, pulse duration 150 ns, pulse repetition rate maximum 1000 pps). A pulse energy of 0.5-3 J/pulse and an average pulse power of 1.5 kW have been achieved with an efficiency of about 80%. In addition, adequate electromagnetic compatibility is achieved between the high-voltage pulse sources and the surrounding equipment. Various applications, such as the use of pulsed electric fields (PEFs) or pulsed corona discharges for inactivation of microorganisms in liquids or air, have been tested in the laboratory. For PEF treatment, homogeneous electric fields in the liquid of up to 70 kV/cm at a pulse repetition rate of 10-400 pps could be achieved. The inactivation is found to be 85 kJ/L per log reduction for Pseudomonas fluorescens and 500 kJ/L per log reduction for spores of Bacillus cereus. Corona directly applied to the liquid is found to be more efficient than PEF. With direct corona we achieve 25 kJ/L per log reduction for both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. For air disinfection using our corona pulse source, the measured efficiencies are excellent: 2 J/L per log reduction

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 1 )