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A distributed algorithm for delay-constrained unicast routing

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2 Author(s)
D. S. Reeves ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Electr. & Comput. Eng., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA ; H. F. Salama

We study the NP-hard delay-constrained least cost (DCLC) path problem. A solution to this problem is needed to provide real-time communication service to connection-oriented applications, such as video and voice. We propose a simple, distributed heuristic solution, called the delay-constrained unicast routing (DCUR) algorithm, DCUR requires limited network state information to be kept at each node: a cost vector and a delay vector. We prove DCUR's correctness by showing that it is always capable of constructing a loop-free delay-constrained path within finite time, if such a path exists. The worst case message complexity of DCUR is O(|V|2) messages, where |V| is the number of nodes. However, simulation results show that, on the average, DCUR requires much fewer messages. Therefore, DCUR scales well to large networks. We also use simulation to compare DCUR to the optimal algorithm, and to the least delay path algorithm. Our results show that DCUR's path costs are within 10% of those of the optimal solution

Published in:

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 2 )