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A modified model for specular sea surface emissivity at microwave frequencies

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2 Author(s)
Cruz-Pol, S.L. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Puerto Rico Univ., Mayaguez, Puerto Rico ; Ruf, C.S.

Modifications to the L.A. Klein et al. model (1997) for specular ocean emissivity have recently been suggested by W.J. Ellison et al. (1996) in order to improve the performance at high microwave frequencies. The work presented in the present article tests both the original and modified models using a set of satellite and ground-based observations that is designed to eliminate as much as possible the dependence of the test on parameters other than the surface emission itself. Clear sky, low humidity, and low wind conditions were used exclusively to reduce the dependence of the test on atmospheric and wind-roughened sea models. Radiosonde observations (RaObs) coincident with TOPEX satellite overpasses were used to reduce errors due to inexact knowledge of the atmosphere. Their tests confirm the superior performance of the Ellison model at higher frequencies. In an effort to remove the residual bias between the models and the observations, they also suggest a parameterized modification to both models that “best fits” the models to the data. In this case, the modified Ellison model maintains its superior performance at high frequencies, suggesting that it has an inherently more accurate frequency dependence. The root mean-squared (RMS) error in the modified Ellison emissivity model, over the range of 18-40 GHz, is found to be 0.0037, which translates into a model error of approximately 1 K in terms of brightness temperatures

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 2 )