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Controlling a DC-DC converter by using the power MOSFET as a voltage controlled resistor

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3 Author(s)
T. A. Smith ; Telecommun. & Ind. Phys., CSIRO, Lindfield, NSW, Australia ; S. Dimitrijev ; H. B. Harrison

Most converter designs assume that a closed power switch has zero volts across it. In general, this is a valid assumption that reduces the design complexity. However the fact that a power switch does have a finite resistance means that there will be a nonzero voltage across it during its on time. This voltage can be taken advantage of. This paper proposes a simple control technique that utilizes the variable resistance of the power MOSFET in a dc-dc converter. This is the first switched mode power supply that uses the power switch in more than two states or operating points. It is also the first switched mode power supply that uses the power switch as a variable control device as well as a power device. A 48-5-V 20-W forward converter is implemented to confirm the theory and demonstrate its practicality. The proposed technique provides self oscillation, self overload protection, zero voltage switching (ZVS), input voltage feedforward, and a reduced component count and cost

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 3 )