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Cellular-automata models applied to natural hazards

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2 Author(s)
Malamud, B.D. ; Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA ; Turcotte, D.L.

The concept of self-organized criticality evolved from studies of three simple cellular automata models: the forest-fire, slider-block, and sandpile models. Each model is associated with natural hazards which have frequency-size statistics that are well approximated by power law distributions. These distributions have important implications for probabilistic hazard assessments

Published in:

Computing in Science & Engineering  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )