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Consistent gradient operators

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1 Author(s)
Ando, S. ; Dept. of Math. Eng. & Inf. Phys., Tokyo Univ., Japan

We propose optimal gradient operators based on a newly derived consistency criterion. This criterion is based on an orthogonal decomposition of the difference between a continuous gradient and discrete gradients into the intrinsic smoothing effect and the self-inconsistency involved in the operator. We show that consistency assures the exactness of gradient direction of a locally 1D pattern in spite of its orientation, spectral composition, and sub-pixel translation. Stressing that inconsistency reduction is of primary importance, we derive an iterative algorithm which leads to accurate gradient operators of arbitrary size. We compute the optimum 3×3, 4×4, and 5×5 operators, compare them with conventional operators and examine the performance for one synthetic and several real images. The results indicate that the proposed operators are superior with respect to accuracy, bandwidth and isotropy

Published in:

Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 2000

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