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Increasing data rate over wireless channels

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3 Author(s)
Naguib, A.F. ; AT&T Labs., Florham Park, NJ, USA ; Seshadri, N. ; Calderbank, A.R.

Space-time coding (STC) is a new coding/signal processing framework for wireless communication systems with multiple transmit and multiple receive antennas. This new framework has the potential of dramatically improve the capacity and data rates. In addition, this framework presents the best trade-off between spectral efficiency and power consumption. ST codes (designed so far) come in two different types. ST trellis codes offer the maximum possible diversity gain and a coding gain without any sacrifice in the transmission bandwidth. The decoding of these codes, however, would require the use of a vector form of the Viterbi decoder. Space-time block codes (STBCs) offer a much simpler may of obtaining transmit diversity without any sacrifice in bandwidth and without requiring huge decoding complexity. In fact, the structure of the STBCs is such that it allows for very simple signal processing (linear combining) for encoding/decoding, differential encoding/detection, and interference cancellation. This new signal processing framework offered by ST codes can be used to enhance the data rate and/or capacity in various wireless applications. That is the reason many of these STC ideas have already found their way to some of the current third-generation wireless systems standards

Published in:

Signal Processing Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )