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Extremely short InP-InGaAsP MMI 3-dB couplers (L/spl sim/15-50 /spl mu/m) with conventional structure have been successfully fabricated. The significant size reduction was achieved by deep dry etching and tapered access waveguide with large S-bend design. Optical transmission measurements on these devices have been performed. An optical bandwidth about 80 nm with a limit of 2-dB excess loss was obtained for most of the couplers. During the whole tunable wavelength range (/spl lambda//spl sim/1485-1580 nm), the imbalance is within /spl plusmn/0.5 dB. Fabrication tolerance and polarization independence are also investigated and the results demonstrated the applicability of these ultracompact devices in high-density photonic integrated circuit.
Date of Publication: May 2000