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Handoff in hybrid mobile data networks

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7 Author(s)
Pahlavan, K. ; Worcester Polytech. Inst., MA, USA ; Krishnamurthy, P. ; Hatami, A. ; Ylianttila, M.
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With the emergence of a variety of mobile data services with variable coverage, bandwidth, and handoff strategies, and the need for mobile terminals to roam among these networks, handoff in hybrid data networks has attracted tremendous attention. This article presents an overview of issues related to handoff with particular emphasis on hybrid mobile data networks. Issues are logically divided into architectural and handoff decision time algorithms. The handoff architectures in high-speed local coverage IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs, and low-speed wide area coverage CDPD and GPRS mobile data networks are described and compared. A survey of traditional algorithms and an example of an advanced algorithm using neural networks for PTO decision time in homogeneous networks are presented. The HO architectural issues related to hybrid networks are discussed through an example of a hybrid network that employs GPRS and IEEE 802.11. Five architectures for the example hybrid network, based on emulation of GPRS entities within the WLAN, mobile IP, a virtual access point, and a mobility gateway (proxy), are described and compared. The mobility gateway and mobile IP approaches are selected for more detailed discussion. The differences in applying a complex algorithm for HO decision time in a homogeneous and a hybrid network are shown through an example

Published in:

Personal Communications, IEEE  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )