Scheduled System Maintenance:
On May 6th, single article purchases and IEEE account management will be unavailable from 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM ET (12:00 - 21:00 UTC). We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Perceived locus and intensity of electrocutaneous stimulation

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Higashiyama, A. ; Psychol. Lab., Osaka Perfectural Univ., Japan ; Rollman, G.B.

Two experiments are described which investigated the perceived locus and intensity for electrocutaneous stimulation. In the first experiment, 21 subjects reported the perceived locus for various combinations of four electrode sites, two current directions, two pulse characteristics (single versus multiple), and two sensation levels (detection versus pain). In the second experiment, 16 subjects reported the perceived locus and intensity for a wide range of current levels and two polarity conditions. The main results were the following: (1) sensations were likely to be perceived under the cathode at detection levels, but under both electrodes at intense levels; (2) the cathode localization was gradually supplanted by anode and cathode localization with increasing current; (3) subjective intensity under the cathode was greater than that under the anode; (4) the effects of cathode position on perceived locus were found for only some pairs of electrodes. These results challenge the simple hypothesis that electrical stimulation of the skin through paired electrodes is perceived under the cathode.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 7 )